A Timeline of Mulberry Grove

Mulberry Grove represents a time capsule of human occupation spanning 3,000 years. Many key events in the early history of Georgia and the United States occurred on the former plantation site known as Mulberry Grove. | Drag mouse over camera icon to view pictures.|

1500 - 1733
The Yamacraw tribe of Creek Indians inhabits the site.

Georgia is settled by colonists; General James Oglethorpe plans a bluff site for military outposts to protect Savannah and names the area Joseph's Town.

Scottish highlander officers John Cuthbert, Patrick Mackay and George Dunbar settle at Joseph's Town. To fulfill his obligations to develop land, Cuthbert brings over what are believed to be Georgia's first indentured servants.

Cuthbert dies. His sister, Ann Cuthbert, inherits the land. She is possibly the first woman to inherit and hold land in Georgia.

Ann Cuthbert marries Dr. Patrick Graham, president of Georgia and later a member of the Royal Governor's Council. Dr. Graham grows mulberry saplings to sell to the colonists.

Dr. Graham begins to cultivate rice, using possibly the earliest slaves to arrive in Georgia.

Dr. Graham dies. Mrs. Graham marries James Bulloch of South Carolina.

Ann Cuthbert Graham Bulloch dies.

Royal Lieutenant Governor John Graham purchases Mulberry Grove and builds a new main house and supporting buildings.

Revolutionary War: The Liberty Boys terrorize outlying plantations, forcing Graham to flee to England.

Mulberry Grove is seized by the state of Georgia as a Loyalist property.

Mulberry Grove is awarded to Major General Nathaneal Greene of the Continental Army for his service in Georgia. Nearby Richmond Plantation is awarded to General Anthony Wayne.

General Greene dies of sunstroke while visiting a neighbor.

President George Washington makes two visits to Mrs. Greene at Mulberry Grove.

Eli Whitney invents the cotton gin at Mulberry Grove.

Major Edward Harden buys Mulberry Grove from Greene's widow.

James Wallace purchases Mulberry Grove.

Philip Ulmer purchases Mulberry Grove.

Zachariah M. Winkler purchases Mulberry Grove, adding it to his Isla Island rice holdings.

Christmas Moultrie, last child born into slavery on Mulberry Grove, is born on Christmas Day.

Mulberry house and outlying buildings are burned by General William Tecumseh Sherman's army. Large agricultural efforts cease.

State historic marker erected to commemorate Mulberry Grove.

U.S. Postal Service issues Eli Whitney stamps in Savannah. A tablet is erected at Mulberry Avenue and Augusta Road.

Christmas Moultrie dies after living on Mulberry Grove and in the town of Monteith, Georgia.

Winkler descendants sell Mulberry Grove to BASF-Wyandotte Corporation. Mulberry Grove is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

An archaeological assessment is conducted by the University of Florida.

Mulberry Grove is sold to the Georgia Ports Authority.

Chief Tomochichi of the Yamacraw

General James Oglethorpe

Map of Joseph's Town and
the city of Savannah

A Scottish Highlander

An illustration of silk production

Silk filament is a fiber produced by catepillars,
which feed on the leaves of the mulberry tree.

An illustration of rice agriculture, from planting to transport

Images of the Mulberry Grove Plantation House, circa 1774

Major General Nathanael Greene

General Anthony Wayne

President George Washington

Catherine (Caty) Littlefield Greene

Eli Whitney

The cotton gin

Christmas Moultrie

General William Tecumseh Sherman